Our body is made in a way that it is able to fight many diseases on its own. The white blood cells found in the body helps the body fight against many foreign particles like bacteria or virus. Therefore, when we catch a cold our body’s immune system activates the white blood cells to fight against the cold. This is the body’s defense mechanism. Inflammation is the body’s response to fight foreign particles. When a foreign particle like bacteria or fungi gets into the body, the defense mechanism is automatically activated as a biological response. As a result, the body’s white blood cells and the substances produced respond by fighting the invader. It is an important part of the body’s immune system since it is the only method the body uses in an attempt to heal itself after an injury. It uses this mechanism to defend itself against foreign invaders, such as viruses and bacteria; and repair damaged tissue.
However, for some diseases like arthritis, the body’s immune system triggers an inflammatory response in an absence of the foreign particles. With these types of diseases, the body’s own immune system causes harm to its own tissues as it tries to respond to the tissues affected. These types of diseases are known as auto-immune diseases.
Inflammation helps in the healing of wounds.
Inflammation helps in the healing of wounds. Without it, wounds would become deadly after being infected. Therefore, it is important that we take care and protect our body when we cut our knees or tissues. However, when the body fails to understand the problem that affects the healthy tissues then it becomes problematic. When there is a foreign particle in the body, the arteries dilate, blood flow increases, and the capillaries become more permeable so that white blood cells, hormones, and nutrients can move into cells.
Then the white blood cell moves to the injured area and attack the germs, dead or damaged cells, and other foreign particles to help the body heal. After that, the hormones called prostaglandins create blood clots to heal the damaged tissue but it is removed once the healing process is completed. Sometimes the process is also accompanied by pain and fever. Swelling may occur because fluids accompany the white blood cells, hormones, and nutrients. This fluid often diffuses in the area and causes further swelling, which result in increased pressure and pain.
There are two types of inflammation- acute inflammation and chronic inflammation. Acute inflammation may be caused by a cut, a bruise, sore throat, tonsillitis or, appendicitis. It is short term as it is the body’s normal response to injury, and subsides after a while. However, in the case of chronic inflammation, it is long term and will often result in autoimmune diseases like asthma and arthritis. It arises when the body sends an inflammatory response when it is not required. In an absence of an actual threat, the white blood cells do not know what to do and starts attacking the body’s healthy tissues and cells.
The components of inflammation are cytokines, chemokines, adipokines, soluble mediators of inflammation and acute phase proteins, among others. How bad the effect may be depends on the duration of the inflammation. The intensity and variety of components also determine how the inflammation may affect the immune system. If it is unbalanced and not monitored then it can lead to serious consequences. After that, other cells of the body will also respond and get involved in the inflammatory process.
Chronic inflammation can destroy brain cells and lead to Alzheimer’s disease. Moreover, inflammatory cytokines attack erythropoietin production and cause Anemia. These cytokines may also induce autoimmune reactions against joint surfaces resulting in Ankylosing Spondylitis. Inflammatory cytokines are really harmful to the body. They often induce reactions in the airway lining causing Asthma. Studies have found that people with autism have a higher level of cytokines in their body. Inflammatory cytokines induces autoimmune reactions in the brain arresting right hemisphere development, thereby resulting in autism Moreover; they restrict circulation and damage nephrons and tubules in the kidneys which may result in kidney failure. Chronic inflammation contributes to coronary atherosclerosis. This increases the risk of coronary diseases. Sometimes this may also result in some surgical complications. These cytokines hinders healing thereby can become fatal.
The five main types of inflammations are Dolor (Pain), Rubor (Redness), Calor (Heat), Tumor (Swelling) and Functio laesa (loss of function). Pain is likely to be caused in the inflamed area upon contact. As a result of inflammation, chemicals are released to stimulate the nerve endings. These chemicals make the nerve endings more sensitive thereby causing pain. The second sign is redness. This happens because the capillaries become more malleable and therefore are filled up with more blood than usual. The third sign is heat.
Since more blood is accumulated in the capillaries, this makes it feel hot to touch. There might also be swelling as a result of the accumulation of fluid. Finally, there may also be some loss of function. Inflammation may also be associated with general flu-like symptoms including fever, chills, fatigue/loss of energy, headaches, loss of appetite, muscle stiffness.
Inflammation starts in the gut. The gut is made of a very large and semi-permeable lining which is quite intricate. Now, how preamble it is, depends on the response to a variety of chemical conditions. For instance, when we eat a lot of oily food or have fluctuating thyroid hormones, our intestinal lining becomes more permeable. When we eat food that is partially undigested or contain toxins, yeast, viruses or bacteria, then they get the opportunity to pass through the intestine and get into the bloodstream. This process is also known as a leaky gut syndrome.
Microvilli fail to do their job
When our intestinal lining is repeatedly damaged due to this, the cells called microvilli fail to do their job as they should. Eventually, it affects digestion and absorption of nutrients. When this persists, our immune system switches to defense so as to fight the foreign invaders. This results in inflammation, allergic reaction and other symptoms. Yes, this is a normal response of our body but if it persists for a long time then it becomes chronic and may lead to other diseases. Our immune system becomes overburdened by the false alarms, and the inflammatory signals affect the nerve organ, joints, and muscles.
Healthy living and reduce the probability of developing chronic inflammation.
A good diet is important to ensure a healthy living and reduces the probability of developing chronic inflammation. The hyper-permeability of the gut is a significant cause of many problems. Even if we do not feel sick, we may have some unstable conditions in our gut. Since there are many triggers that lead to inflammation, it is possible to reduce one’s immune reactivity. However, if we have the leaky gut syndrome it becomes difficult. Inflammation can lead to many autoimmune diseases. Once we have autoimmunity, our intestine becomes more permeable; therefore, it increases chance of bacteria and virus getting into our blood stream. (extract from Anti inflammatory diet. Cure inflammation and chronic pain naturally) Available from Amazon here.